Make your own free website on

Sugimoto and Levin (2000) classified all possible ways of accessing information on the web into three broad categories.

Links are hypertextual commands that allow to jump from the primary text  to various hypertext and multimedia sources (for more definitions, check Google ).

The link is contextualized by the page that provides it. The creator of the link is thus responsible for providing a clear and useful path to the relevant source. The task of the reader is to find a path to the right source of information.

However, this process of following the links is quite complex and challenging.


Links (short form Hyperlinks)

Accessing Information on the Internet

· Links can lead to non-existent or outdated sources.




· Links can be falsely contextualized by the previous page  through creating false expectations of the reader.



· The information that the link contains is insufficient to make any predictions as to where it leads.


Search Engines


Searching information on the Internet through search engines (Google, Yahoo!, Ask Jeeves, constitutes a distinct skills of information retrieval.

The skills of effective search are complex, and there is a great number of strategies of effective search.

Here are some of them, suggested by Feldman (2002):

· Use phrases rather than single world.

· Provide a full detailed description of the query.

· Find out whether the search engine uses AND or OR as its default setting.

· Demystify the work of the search engine. Find out its policies and search strategies.

· Use various search engines.

More search tips are provided by

The full text of the article by Fox can be found here.

Troy is a legendary city in Greece, the location of the Trojan War. Find out more about Troy.

Click here and you’ll see how far the rabbit hole goes…

When you search for X AND Y, some search engines will include the results that contain both X and Y.

If you search X OR Y, the results will contain X, Y and X and Y.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator, the global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. For more definitions, check Google ) appears to be the safest way of accessing the information sources, and yet there are some challenges that a reader can encounter:

· As in case of links, a 100-symbol URL can lead to a non-existent source.


· The URL contains the information about the domain, and this can lead to false assumptions about the content of the page.

 What source  do you expect to access from

Although it is assumed that different engines search the same pages, the research by Greg Notes (2004) has shown that the overlapping coverage of various search engines is about 20%.