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a term that is strikingly different from the ones discussed above and that nevertheless gets easily confused with them. It refers to the set of skills related to operating the computer.

What elements constitute Internet literacy?


The field of Internet literacy is broad, and multiple are the concepts and definitions connected to it. Here are some definitions that will help to bring the scope of Internet literacy into focus.

Computer Literacy

(Papert, 1980)

Internet Literacy

Research by Natalya Sinitskaya

Internet Literacy

Internet literacy constitutes an integral part of electronic literacy and encompasses the skills of interacting with textual and nontextual information available online.

The scope of Internet literacy in this research will be limited to receptive rather than productive skills.

an umbrella term that refers to literary experiences through the media of computer, i.e. the processes of accessing, evaluating, interacting and creating electronic texts, multimedia, and hypermedia.

a concept that comprises an  ability to recognize and assess a wide range of rhetorical and informational situations conveyed through non-textual sources.

a concept that defines reading and writing processes associated with electronic texts.

 a general term that refers to non-print, i.e. electronic literacies.

a concept used interchangeably with ‘electronic literacy’, introduced to oppose ‘print-based’ literacy.

Electronic literacy

(Warschauer, 1999); Shetzer and Warschauer, 2000; Bolter, 1998)

Online literacy

(Tuman, 1992)


(Kaplan, 1995)

Web literacy

(Sorapure et al., 1998)

Virtual or digital literacy

(Delany and Landow, 1993)